View Full Version : The pattern welded blade


J.Arthur Loose
01-14-2003, 11:52 PM
Recent discussions have me looking up all kinds of things related to the Migration Era blade...


<a href="http://www.aiusa.com/medsword/serpent.html" target="_blank">
Here </a> is a great link off the Viking Swords site discussing the composition of pattern welded blades.

<a href="http://www.aiusa.com/medsword/smithy/seax.html" target="_blank">
Here</a> is one that details the construction of the Seax, again from Viking Sword. Note the illustration of cross-section constructions.

I am more and more of the opinion that the Seax that got me looking things up has an iron back and a steel edge ( welded or carburized ) much like the low-carbon pattern welded backs that many seaxes had. ( I really want those specs! ) A solid piece of either steel or iron would have been rare from that period. Many of the pattern welded areas turn out to be low carbon content alloys differing by things like phosphorus content; again, with a steel edge welded on.

<a href="http://216.239.39.100/search?q=cache:toOVrRz1snMC:192.167.112.135/SitoCNR/Metalli/Testi/11.rtf+composition+steel+scramasax&hl=en&ie=UTF-8" target="_blank">
This article,</a> in the section on the production of iron and steel details some Seaxes with overall carbon contents around 1% with pattern welding and carburization.

<a href="http://www.regia.org/ironwork.htm" target="_blank">
This one </a>is a relief after the technical nature of the prior link. Hey, I was going to build that Anglo-Saxon forge this Summer! Has a great explanation of turning iron to steel.

Anyway, cool what we find when prompted... ;)

Anyone know of any good links in a similar vein?

Don Halter
01-16-2003, 02:20 PM
Migration era stuff is contagious....
Seaxually transmitted disease even :):)

I just couldn't help it!

I have some links on the home computer I'll put here later.

hammerdownnow
01-16-2003, 02:32 PM
That last link is cool. That set of bellows is cool! I could use a forge rat like that also.:smokin

hammerdownnow
01-16-2003, 02:46 PM
http://iron.wlu.edu/

Don Halter
01-16-2003, 03:44 PM
One of my friends is in the Regia group. he built a set of double bellows based on some AS documents. We used them for melting and casting book binding corners from pewter. We used large limestone slats for the "forge". We were burning mesquite charcoal. It burned clean and hot...but really fast!

Pics of it are about halfway down:
http://www.100megsfree3.com/kragaxe/events/Armourin01.html

My forgerat doesn't compare to the one in Jon's link, though!